It all started with an argument. Opening the refrigerator door. I say to my wife, scowling, “Why do we have so much cheese? We have talked about this.” Compared to milk, cheese is less nutrient dense and contains more calories. 1,211 more words
Patients receiving both calcium and vitamin D had a 9% lower mortality rate through 3 years of treatment than those not receiving vitamin D (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.98), according to Lars Rejnmark, MD, PhD, of Aarhus University in Aarhus, Denmark, and colleagues.
How about a non-prescription supplement and vitamin questionnaire?
Here’s a pretty good interview on the calcium supplementation and MI risk for those of you who like to listen and learn.
Calcium supplementation appears to increase the risk of myocardial infarction, a meta-analysis showed.
Among studies of patients with or at risk for osteoporosis, those who took calcium supplements were about 30% more likely to have an MI than those who did not, Ian Reid, MD, of the University of Auckland in New Zealand, and colleagues reported online in BMJ.
Among randomized controlled trials with patient-level data, the hazard ratio for MI with supplementation was 1.31 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.67). Among those with trial-level data, the relative risk was 1.27 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.59).
Note this is an observational study and causality should not be assumed.
Abnormal levels of serum calcium are associated with increased mortality in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease, an observational study found.
A one mg/dL elevation in baseline calcium levels was associated with a multivariable adjusted hazard ratio for mortality of 1.31 (95% CI 1.13 to 1.53, P<0.001), according to Csaba P. Kovesdy, MD, of the Salem, Va., Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and colleagues.
There also was a significant interaction between elevated baseline calcium level and the presence of cardiovascular disease, which raised the hazard ratio to 1.58 (95% CI 1.29 to 1.94, P<0.001), the researchers reported online in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.