JAMA Cardiovascular Corner

Cardiovascular Corner Low Lipids, Metformin, and Plant-Based Diets

Substituting red meat with high-quality plant protein sources was associated with more favorable changes in cardiovascular risk factors relative to dietary replacements combined in a recent meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published in Circulation.

 

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Long-term Effects of Metformin on Diabetes Prevention: Identification of Subgroups That Benefited Most in the Diabetes Prevention Program and Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study

CONCLUSIONS – Metformin reduces the development of diabetes over 15 years. The subsets that benefitted the most include subjects with higher baseline fasting glucose or HbA1c and women with a history of GDM.

You can access the abstract and full study online at this link to the Diabetes Journal.

The commentary article at this link is also an interesting read.

More Evidence for a Prevention-Related Indication for Metformin: Let the Arguments Resume!

Metformin and Cognitive Impairment

In a retrospective study, diabetic patients who were taking metformin had worse cognitive performance than those not taking the drug (odds ratio 2.23, 95% CI 1.05-4.75), Eileen Moore, PhD, of the University of Melbourne in Australia, and colleagues reported online in Diabetes Care.

Additionally, patients with diabetes who had vitamin B12 levels less than 250 pmol/L also had worse cognitive performance (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.12-4.66), and the association between metformin and cognitive impairment was weakened after adjusting for vitamin B12 levels, they stated.

via In Some Patients Metformin Impairs Thinking.

Metformin May Lower Mortality in T2DM Patients

Medical News: ADA: Mortality Lower with Metformin – in Meeting Coverage, ADA from MedPage Today

A large, multicenter trial found a 24% reduced risk of all-cause mortality among patients on the drug, compared with those not taking it, according to Ronan Roussel, MD, PhD, of Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard in Paris, and colleagues.