High HbA1c levels were associated with increased risk for all-cause mortality and death from CVD, coronary heart disease, and cerebral infarction in general East Asian populations, as in Western populations.
More than a quarter of a billion people in the world have peripheral artery disease (PAD), with poorer countries disproportionately affected, the first global analysis of the disease found.
The global prevalence of PAD increased by 24% from 2000 to 2010, from 164 million to 202 million, according to Gerald Fowkes, BSc, MBChB, from the Centre for Population Health Sciences at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, and colleagues.
Older people who had impaired neurovascular coupling at baseline and drank two cups of cocoa a day for a month had significant improvement in cognitive function and blood flow in the brain.
Now I don’t feel so bad about eating a bunch of dark chocolate covered walnuts on Saturday evening.
The AHA endorsed the most commonly used threshold of 0.90 or less for peripheral arterial disease detection, although it noted that the American Diabetes Association has proposed minor modifications of the criterion for diabetes patients based on observational study findings.
A graphic that explains why we rate atrial fibrillation.
In a prospective, longitudinal study, those who consumed a median 62.9 g of chocolate a week were at a significantly lower relative stroke risk than those who ate a median of zero grams weekly RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.7 to 0.99, according to Susanna Larsson, PhD, of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and colleagues.
Please pass the M&M’s.
Several studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea contributes to the development of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction and, possibly, heart failure. Note that this study indicates that moderate-to-severe sleep apnea can cause structural and functional changes in left ventricular function comparable to that seen in hypertension and, further, these abnormalities significantly improve following CPAP therapy.
Diabetes at baseline and duration of diabetes both significantly increased the risk of an ischemic stroke, according to a longitudinal study. Having diabetes for 10 years or more tripled the risk of an ischemic stroke in this racially and ethnically diverse population.
The risk of death for patients with thrombosis was highest in the first year after the event, with a hazard ratio of 14.4 95% CI 7.1 to 29.2, according to Frits R. Rosendaal, MD, PhD, and colleagues from Leiden University in the Netherlands.But the risk remained elevated eight years later HR 3.8, 95% CI 0.5 to 30.8, the researchers reported in PLoS Medicine.
“Remarkably,” the mortality rate was five times higher among patients with malignancy and thrombosis than among those who had a malignancy without thrombosis (SMR 5.5, 95% CI 5 to 6.1), the researchers observed.