HbA1c and the Risks for All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in the General Japanese Population

High HbA1c levels were associated with increased risk for all-cause mortality and death from CVD, coronary heart disease, and cerebral infarction in general East Asian populations, as in Western populations.

via HbA1c and the Risks for All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in the General Japanese Population.

PAD Incidence Rising Sharply Worldwide

More than a quarter of a billion people in the world have peripheral artery disease (PAD), with poorer countries disproportionately affected, the first global analysis of the disease found.

The global prevalence of PAD increased by 24% from 2000 to 2010, from 164 million to 202 million, according to Gerald Fowkes, BSc, MBChB, from the Centre for Population Health Sciences at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, and colleagues.

via PAD Incidence Rising Sharply Worldwide.

Apnea Treatment Gets Heart Back in Shape

Several studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea contributes to the development of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction and, possibly, heart failure. Note that this study indicates that moderate-to-severe sleep apnea can cause structural and functional changes in left ventricular function comparable to that seen in hypertension and, further, these abnormalities significantly improve following CPAP therapy.

via Medical News:Apnea Treatment Gets Heart Back in Shape – in Cardiovascular, CHF from MedPage Today.

Medical News: Death Rate High Long After VTE – in Cardiovascular, Venous Thrombosis from MedPage Today

The risk of death for patients with thrombosis was highest in the first year after the event, with a hazard ratio of 14.4 95% CI 7.1 to 29.2, according to Frits R. Rosendaal, MD, PhD, and colleagues from Leiden University in the Netherlands.But the risk remained elevated eight years later HR 3.8, 95% CI 0.5 to 30.8, the researchers reported in PLoS Medicine.

“Remarkably,” the mortality rate was five times higher among patients with malignancy and thrombosis than among those who had a malignancy without thrombosis (SMR 5.5, 95% CI 5 to 6.1), the researchers observed.

via Medical News: Death Rate High Long After VTE – in Cardiovascular, Venous Thrombosis from MedPage Today.